- Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 15 characters introduced in lesson 11 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
- Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 11. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
- Be able to confidently ask to borrow from and return items to a friend.
- Use the following words to ask and answer questions with fluency in Mandarin:
- return, pictorial, dictionary, now, to use, a little while, good-bye, numbers 0-10, telephone
- Are you using that dictionary?
- Would you like to use my dictionary?
- I am returning your pictorial?
|一下兒||yíxiàr||a little while|
- In this lesson you learn the term 詞典. Have you ever wondered how to use a Chinese dictionary? The Yale University web site has a good tutorial on How To Use a Chinese Dictionary.
- Wikipedia explains more about Chinese dictionaries.
- Just for fun here are a couple of videos. The first is the song classic song 再見我的愛人 by the legendary 鄧麗君 (Dèng Líjūn) sung by a contestant on the popular show 超級星光大道 (Superstar). The second is a music video from 張震岳 (Zhāng Zhènyuè) 再見--this is a 卡拉OK(kălāOK -Karaoke) version, so give it a try!
See if you can hear the numbers in this song 十九八七.... by Khalil Fong (方大同).
- Check out the ChinesePod lesson for help on numbers greater than 10,
- and.using numbers in text messages, or more about numbers in the digital world from my-new-chinese-love.com.
- Direct and Indirect Objects:
In Chinese like in English verbs can take two objects. In sentences like "I return the book to you." the verb "return" has two objects, a direct object "the book" and the indirect object "you". In English the indirect object sometimes is placed right after the verb like in "He gave me the book.", but often a preposition like to, for, or with precedes an indirect object like in "He gave the book to me." In Chinese the indirect object can always be identified by its place in the sentence directly following the verb. So in Chinese the sentence "I return the book to you." is ordered "I return you book."Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object我還你書。
In future lessons we will learn more verbs that can take the double object construction. For now we can be satisfied with 還 [huán].
- Time Words:
In this lesson we learn our first time word, 現在 [xiànzài]: now. In English time words can be placed almost anywhere in a sentence. Chinese, on the other hand, is more structured. In Chinese time words must always come before the verb.Time + Subject + Verb (+ Object)學生現在喝茶。大夫現在很忙。我們現在學習漢語。現在老師看畫報。
- The Tentative 一下兒:
We can add 一下兒 to a regular verb to soften a command, or request. 一下兒 [yíxiàr] means a small amount, or a little bit. In this lesson Palanka wants to use Ding Yun's dictionary. To make her request less forceful she says, "用一下兒"Verb + 一下兒請看一下兒。我用一下兒。Notice that in this case the character 一 is a second tone.
- Borrowing and Returning Items:
A basic dialogue for borrowing and returning items is introduced in this lesson. See the sample dialogue below:Borrowing:A: 那是你的詞典嗎？Returning:
B: 好。A: 還你詞典。
- Counting Numbers:
This lesson introduces the numerals 6-10. In a telephone number, address, identification, and other documents numbers are read as single digits. The telephone number (562) 985-1082 is read wǔ - liù - èr - jiǔ - bā - wǔ - yī - líng - bā - èr.零 [líng] zero
一 [yī] one
二 [èr] two
三 [sān] three
四 [sì] four
五 [wǔ] five
六 [liù] six
七 [qī] seven
八 [bā] eight
九 [jiǔ] nine
十 [shí] ten