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Study Guides: Chinese 101
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CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 14 Study Guide
第十四課:他作什麼工作
作工想家有沒妹姐銀行愛孩子給寫信告訴

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)

Dialogue:
帕蘭卡
丁雲
想家?
丁雲
爸爸
媽媽

帕蘭卡
男朋友

丁雲

more...
 
Objectives:
  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 18 characters introduced in lesson 14 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 14. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • Be able to confidently use the verb 有 - yŏu, "to have," and its negative 沒有 - méiyǒu.
  • Fluently use the preposition 給 - gĕi, "on behalf of someone."
  • Be comfortable talking about your family: how many people in your family; what job they have and where they work; if you miss them; if you write or call them often.
  • Use the following words, and sentences in Mandarin with fluency:
    1. to do, work, to think, family, to have, to not have, younger sister, older sister, bank, spouse, bookstore, child, to give, to write, letter, to tell, office worker, engineer, manager, company
    2. Her family has a father, mother, older brother, and younger sister.
    3. Do you miss your boyfriend?
    4. What kind of job does he have?
    5. Do you have an older sister?
    6. Where does she work?
    7. My father is an engineer and my mother is the manager of a bank.
    8. I often write letters to my family.
    9. They send their regards.
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
 zuò to work 
工作 gōngzuò to work 
 xiǎng to think 
 jiā home 
 yǒu have 
 méi not have 
妹妹 mèimei younger sister 
姐姐 jiĕjie older sister 
銀行 yínháng a bank 
愛人 àiren spouse 
書店 shūdiàn bookstore 
孩子 háizi child 
 gěi to give 
 xiě to write 
 xìn letter 
告訴 gàosu to tell 
Supplemental Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
職員 zhíyuán staff 
工程師 gōngchéngshī engineer 
經理 jīnglĭ manager 
公司 gōngsī company 
More:
Get a jump on the final.
  • Lessons 13-15 vocabulary sheet lists all vocabulary from the textbook. You can see vocabulary from previous lessons in the Lessons 1-9, and Lessons 10-12 vocabulary sheets.
  • Table Building Activity: Match together Chinese, pinyin, and English for lessons 1-14, or lessons 13-14
  • Drag and Drop vocabulary activity lessons 13-15
  • Quiz yourself online using the Multiple Choice Challenge at the ChineseHideout main page (Select the your textbook and lesson groups you want to review under the vocabulary tab.)
  • Dr. Xie has several study guides for lesson 14. You might find these helpful as you study for the final. There are three parts: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3. You can also try some additional exercises for lesson 14 also put together by Dr. Xie. Also in three parts: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3.
Grammar:
  • The verbs 說[shuō], 告訴[gàosù] and 問[wèn]:

    • 說[shuō]:
      The use of the verb 說[shuō] is similar to its English equivalent speak, say, or said.
      Subject + 說 + Something
      你們常漢語嗎? : Do you often speak Chinese?
      她很想家。 : She said that she is homesick.
      她的男朋友她現在在宿舍。 : Her boyfriend says she is at the dormitory now.
    • 告訴[gàosù]:
      The verb 告訴[gàosù] on the other hand, also like its English counterpart (tell, told), requires the use of an indirect object.
      Subject + 告訴 + Someone (IO) + Something
      告訴我他很忙。 : He told me he is busy.
      老師告訴我們多說漢語。 : The teacher told us to speak more Chinese.
      姐姐告訴我她現在在銀行工作。 : My older sister told me she now works at the bank.
    • 問[wèn]:
      With 問[wèn] the indirect object can be omitted if understood in context.
      Subject + 問 + (Someone (IO)) + Something
      我朋友我住在哪兒。 : My friend asked me where I live.
      老師學生這是什麼漢字。 : The teacher asked the students what Chinese character is this.
      留學生他銀行在哪兒。 : He told me he is busy.
  • Homesickness:
    In Chinese being a little melancholy when you are far from home is not an illness. This feeling is expressed by saying you are thinking about, or missing home and family, 想家 [xiǎng jiā].
    想家嗎? : Are you homesick?
    我們都想家: We are all homesick.
    留學生說他很想家: The foreign student said he misses home.
  • 工作 [gōngzuò]: job or work:

    • Asking about jobs or work.:
      工作 [gōngzuò] is job or work, so we can ask about work by using something like the following:
      你有工作嗎?
      你作什麼工作
      你在哪兒工作
    • Answering 工作 Questions:
      To answer one of these questions use something like the following:
      我是大夫。
      我沒有工作。我是學生。
      我在商店工作。
  • The verb 有[yǒu] to have:

    • 有[yǒu] :
      We finally learn the verb 有[yǒu], to have. Unlike other Chinese verbs to negate 有 use 沒有 [méiyǒu] instead of using 不.
      哥哥,弟弟和姐姐,沒有妹妹。
      學生都漢語書。
      中國地圖?
    • The Interrogative Form:
      The interrogative of a 有 sentence can be a statement using 嗎, or the affirmative-negative 有沒有.
      工作嗎?
      他姐姐孩子嗎?
      有沒有筆?
  • 愛人[àirén] spouse:
    In our text 愛人 is used as spouse. In contemporary China this term is not often used. Outside of China 愛人 is generally used as a term for lover. Often indicating an illicit relationship.
  • More on 常 [cháng]:
    常常 is often used colloquially instead of 常 without changing the meaning of a statement. The negative is still 不常.
    常常來宿舍看他的朋友。
    我的好朋友常常說漢語。
    爸爸常給我寫信。
  • The verb 給 [gěi]:

    • 給 [gěi]:
      給 has multiple uses in Mandarin. The basic term is an equivalent to give in English, so 他給我漢語書 is "He gave me the Chinese book." The negative is 不給.
      老師學生中國地圖。
      媽媽孩子筆。
      我朋友不給我紙。
    • 給 [gěi] as a preposition to/for:
      Additionally, 給 is used as a preposition to/for. When expressing an action done for or to someone use 給 to indicate the benefactor of the action. The benefactor statement always precedes the action, so "He bought a pen for me" becomes "He for me buy pen" (他給我買筆) in standard Mandarin.
      Subject + Benefactor (給-O) + Action (V-O)
      他的好朋友她買報紙。
      爸爸媽媽不給孩子買車。
      他的好朋友她買報紙。
    • Note:
      This structure is used commonly with, but not limited to, the following verbs:
      買 [mǎi] buy something for someone: 姐姐法語書和畫報。
      寫信 [xiě xìn] write a letter to someone: 爸爸常孩子寫信
      介紹 [jièshào] introduce someone (to something, or another someone): 老師我們介紹中國地圖。
    • More about 給:
      When the 給 construct is used in more complex sentences the following order applies:
      Subject + Time + Place (Verb-Object) + Benefactor (給-Object) + Purpose/Action (Verb-Object)
      不常給姐姐寫信
      我妹妹現在去書店給我們買筆和紙
      她先生來學院給她還書
      Time words must be positioned before the verb in a sentence. Most can come before or after the subject. An exception is 常, which never is used before the subject.
  • Send Regards, wish someone the best:
    A polite expression used to convey concern for a third party is to 問...好.
    Subject + 問 + Person + 好
    他們

    謝老師