CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 4 Study Guide
第四課:這是我朋友
這是爸媽朋友

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)

Dialogue:
帕蘭卡
爸爸
媽媽
朋友
古波

古波
你們

爸爸

媽媽

 
Objectives:
  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 6 characters introduced in lesson 4 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 4. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • Be able to confidently introduce your friend to your parents, or your parents to your friend.
  • Be able to fluently say the following words and sentences in Mandarin:
    1. father, mother, brother, friend
    2. This is my friend.
    3. This is my father (mother, brother).
    4. Hello! (to more than one person)
  • Familiarize yourself with the information about the Chinese language on page 28 of the Practical Chinese Reader textbook.
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
 zhè this 
 shì is 
朋友 péngyou friend(s) 
爸爸 bàba father 
媽媽 māma mom 
我們 wŏmen we 
你們 nĭmen you (plural) 
More:
You also might be interested in listening to the Chinesepod lesson "Where are You Going?" You can listen to the mp3 file here:    Additional language and cultural resources:
Grammar:
  • Demonstrative 這 [zhè]: this:
    Used like 'this' in English, but for now we will use it only by itself and not with nouns. We will say things like, "This is my book." and not "This book is mine."
    這是我哥哥。
    這是我弟弟。
    這是我爸爸。
    這是我朋友。
  • Verb 是 [shiì]: to be :
    Noun Phrase + 是 + Noun Phrase

    The verb 是 joins two noun phrases, identifying a relationship between the two.

    Don't be tempted to use 是 with an adjective in a descriptive sentence. Adjectives in Mandarin are full predicates, and as such do not require the verb 'to be'. Remember we call them stative verbs or adjectival predicates.

    Use 不是 to negate a 是 sentence.

    我媽媽是他朋友。
    你弟弟也是我朋友。
    他不是我哥哥。
  • Identifying People Using 這是:
    這是 is a simple way to identify a person or thing, or to introduce someone.
    這是我爸爸。
    這是我媽媽。
    這是我朋友。