- Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 12 characters introduced in lesson 8 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
- Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 8. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
- You should be familiar with the social etiquette used to welcome friends in Chinese.
- Confidently use the following words and sentences in Mandarin:
- please, drink, tea, you (polite form), enter, welcome, thanks, polite, to smoke
- Come in, please.
- Don't be polite.
- Do you smoke?
- What would you like to drink?
|吸煙||xī yān||to smoke|
|王||wáng||a family name|
- The ABC Australia website has an interesting discussion on politeness in Chinese culture. Click on the "Being Polite in China" link on the left below the picture of the fortune cookies to hear the full audio.
- ABC Australia also has a lesson on Eating and drinking Mandarin style. Check it out.
- Check out the ChinesePod lesson for more on 請.
- Address Forms and Politeness:
- Personal Titles:
When addressing someone it is polite and quite commonplace to use personal titles like Mr., Mrs., Dr., and the like. We learned 大夫, and 老師 in the previous lesson. In Chinese, personal titles are placed after the surname, so instead of saying Dr. Wang we say 王 [Wáng] 大夫.
Additionally, it is customary to address all teachers, kindergarten teachers to university professors, as 老師. Again the title follows the surname, 王老師.
The following are more examples of personal titles accompanied by common Chinese surnames:先生 [xiānsheng] Mr. 李先生 [Lĭ xiānsheng] Mr. Li
太太 [tàitai] Mrs. 張太太 [Zhāng tàitai] Mrs. Zhang
小姐 [xiăojie] Miss 陳小姐 [Chén xiăojie] Miss Chen
- Honorific Pronoun:
We learned 你 in the first lesson. When speaking to someone in authority, one's elder, or your girl friend's parents you will want to use the honorific pronoun 您 (nín). Use it just like you would use 你. However, 您 is not used in the plural form, so for the plural stick with 你們.
When using polite address it is customary to initially use the personal title. Following references can use the honorific 您. For example:李大夫，您好。 Lĭ dàifu, nín hăo.
張老師，您是中國人嗎？ Zhāng lăoshī, nín shì Zhōngguó rén ma?
- Polite Forms of Speech:
In Chinese like in English it is always good to be polite. While the precise meaning of the following polite words may vary from what we are accustomed to in English, the words themselves can be used just as you would their equivalents in English.請 [qǐng] Please
謝謝 [xièxie] Thanks
不客氣 [bú kèqi] Your welcome; Don't be polite
歡迎 [huānyíng] Welcome (to enter)
- Using 不客氣 and 歡迎:
I should point out the difference between 不客氣 and 歡迎. The first is used after someone thanks you, or offers you a compliment. The second is used to invite someone into your home, or place of business.謝謝你。... 不客氣。 Xièxie nĭ. Bú kèqi.
歡迎，歡迎！請進。 Huānyíng, huānyíng! Qǐng jìn.
- Personal Titles:
- Real Action Verbs:
So far we learned that in Chinese adjectives are stative verbs, or adjectival predicates. We also learned 是 which is the verb similar to "is". In the previous lesson 看 (kàn: to see) was our first action verb. In this lesson we learn several new verbs. These are transitive verbs, meaning that the verb is followed by an object. For example:喝 [hē] to drink: 喝茶 [hē chá] to drink tea
吸 [xī] to inhale: 吸煙 [xī yān] to smoke (a cigarette) (lit., to inhale smoke)
看 [kàn] to read: 看書 [kàn shū] to read (a) book
- Using Transitive Verbs:
We can use these verbs to make positive or negative statements and to ask questions.Positive Statement: 媽媽喝茶。
Negative Statement: 老師不吸煙。