CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 8 Study Guide

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)




  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 12 characters introduced in lesson 8 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 8. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • You should be familiar with the social etiquette used to welcome friends in Chinese.
  • Confidently use the following words and sentences in Mandarin:
    1. please, drink, tea, you (polite form), enter, welcome, thanks, polite, to smoke
    2. Come in, please.
    3. Don't be polite.
    4. Do you smoke?
    5. What would you like to drink?
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
 qǐng please 
  to drink 
 chá tea 
 nín you (formal) 
 jìn to enter 
歡迎 huānyíng welcome 
謝謝 xièxie thanks 
客氣 kèqi be polite 
吸煙 xī yān to smoke 
Supplemental Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
咖啡 kāfēi coffee 
啤酒 píjiŭ beer 
牛奶 niúnăi milk 
先生 xiānsheng Mr. 
太太 tàitai wife 
Proper Names:
Chinese Pinyin English
 wáng a family name 
Additional language and cultural resources:
  • Address Forms and Politeness:

    • Personal Titles:

      When addressing someone it is polite and quite commonplace to use personal titles like Mr., Mrs., Dr., and the like. We learned 大夫, and 老師 in the previous lesson. In Chinese, personal titles are placed after the surname, so instead of saying Dr. Wang we say 王 [Wáng] 大夫.

      Additionally, it is customary to address all teachers, kindergarten teachers to university professors, as 老師. Again the title follows the surname, 王老師.

      The following are more examples of personal titles accompanied by common Chinese surnames:

      先生 [xiānsheng] Mr.先生 [Lĭ xiānsheng] Mr. Li
      太太 [tàitai] Mrs.太太 [Zhāng tàitai] Mrs. Zhang
      小姐 [xiăojie] Miss小姐 [Chén xiăojie] Miss Chen
    • Honorific Pronoun:

      We learned 你 in the first lesson. When speaking to someone in authority, one's elder, or your girl friend's parents you will want to use the honorific pronoun 您 (nín). Use it just like you would use 你. However, 您 is not used in the plural form, so for the plural stick with 你們.

      When using polite address it is customary to initially use the personal title. Following references can use the honorific 您. For example:

      李大夫,好。 Lĭ dàifu, nín hăo.
      張老師,是中國人嗎? Zhāng lăoshī, nín shì Zhōngguó rén ma?
    • Polite Forms of Speech:

      In Chinese like in English it is always good to be polite. While the precise meaning of the following polite words may vary from what we are accustomed to in English, the words themselves can be used just as you would their equivalents in English.

      [qǐng] Please
      謝謝 [xièxie] Thanks
      不客氣 [bú kèqi] Your welcome; Don't be polite
      歡迎 [huānyíng] Welcome (to enter)
    • Using 不客氣 and 歡迎:

      I should point out the difference between 不客氣 and 歡迎. The first is used after someone thanks you, or offers you a compliment. The second is used to invite someone into your home, or place of business.

      謝謝你。... 不客氣。 Xièxie nĭ. Bú kèqi.
      歡迎,歡迎!請進。 Huānyíng, huānyíng! Qǐng jìn.
  • Transitive Verbs:

    • Real Action Verbs:

      So far we learned that in Chinese adjectives are stative verbs, or adjectival predicates. We also learned 是 which is the verb similar to "is". In the previous lesson 看 (kàn: to see) was our first action verb. In this lesson we learn several new verbs. These are transitive verbs, meaning that the verb is followed by an object. For example:

      [hē] to drink:   [hē chá] to drink tea
      [xī] to inhale:   [xī yān] to smoke (a cigarette) (lit., to inhale smoke)
      [kàn] to read:   [kàn shū] to read (a) book
    • Using Transitive Verbs:

      We can use these verbs to make positive or negative statements and to ask questions.

      Positive Statement: 媽媽茶。
      Negative Statement: 老師不煙。
      Question: 你們書嗎?