CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 12 Study Guide
第十二課:她們是很好的朋友
女先認識英法常去

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)

Dialogue:

帕蘭卡
古波
女朋友
現在
他們
學習
漢語
他們
老師
中國人
先生
他們
老師
他們
朋友

帕蘭卡
認識
中國
留學生
丁雲
丁雲
學習
英語
學習
法語
帕蘭卡
學生
宿舍
她們
朋友



 
Objectives:
  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 8 characters introduced in lesson 12 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 12. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • This is a review lesson. You should review all previous lessons in preparation for the midterm. A review guide with grammar and vocabulary for Lessons 1-12 is available to download. These two vocabulary only review sheets can also be downloaded: Characters with Pinyin and Character Data Sheet.
  • Listen to and memorize the poem Jing Ye Si, written by the famous Chinese poet Li Bai and read by Dr. San-pao Li.
    There is also an explanation of this poem online from Ben at Learn Chinese NOW!
       
    Jìng   
        
    Bái    
     
    Chuángqiánmíngyuèguāng 
    shìshàngshuāng 
    tóuwàngmíngyuè 
    tóuxiāng 
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
  female 
先生 xiānsheng Mr. 
認識 rènshi to recognize 
英語 Yīngyŭ the English language 
法語 Făyŭ the French language 
 cháng often 
  to go 
他們 tāmen they 
More:
Review for the midterm covering lessons 1-12. Additional language and cultural resources:
Grammar:
  • Noun Modifiers:

    Nouns can be used to modify other nouns. Noun sequences have a set order where modifying nouns are followed by the main noun as when using 漢語 to modify 報 in 漢語報. The following are additional examples of nouns modifying other nouns:

    女朋友
    漢語老師
    中國留學生
    美國地圖
    外語學院
    學生宿舍
  • Adjectival Predicates as Modifiers:

    We have used adjectival predicates to modify nouns like 好朋友. When a single-syllable adjectival predicate is used to modify a noun the adjectival predicate is followed by the noun, but when an intensifier like 很 is also incorporated into the the noun phrase 的 must be inserted between the modifier and the main noun like 很好的朋友. The following are additional examples:

    很好學生
    很忙大夫
    很貴中國書
    很老
    很好畫報
  • The Frequency Adverb 常:

    The adverb 常 [cháng] is used to indicate often, or always. In English the placement of often in a sentence is very flexible, however, in Chinese 常 is always placed between the subject and verb. Sometimes you will hear people use 常常, which does not change the meaning of the statement. The negative for both is 不常.

    Subject + 常 + Verb
    他們喝茶。 : They often drink tea.
    我的好朋友去宿舍。 : My good friend often goes to the dorm.
    他們用漢語詞典。 : They don't often use a Chinese dictionary.
    老師常常看中國報。 : The teacher often reads the Chinese newspaper.
  • The Verb 去:

    The transitive verb 去 [qù] is used to indicate direction of movement away from the speaker. It requires destination as an object.

    去 + Object (destination)
    外語學院。 : He is going to the Foreign Language Institute
    我們現在宿舍。 : We are going to the dormitory now.
    他朋友不中國。 : His friend is not going to China.
    謝先生哪兒? : Where is Mr. Xie going?
  • The Verb 認識:

    The transitive verb 認識 [rènshi] is used to convey recognition, or familiarity with someone or something.

    認識 + Object (person)
    他們認識王老師。 : They know Mr. Wang.
    認識她爸爸,媽媽。 : I know her father and mother.
    中國留學生都認識我們的漢語老師。 : The Chinese foreign students all know our Chinese language teacher.
    他弟弟也認識我的女朋友。 : His younger brother also knows my girlfriend.
  • More About 也:

    We used 也 in previous lessons to say things like "我也很忙。" We can also use 也 as a conjunction joining two verb phrases. One of the characters in the text "學習英語也學習法語"--notice that there is a verb phrase on either side of 也.

    Verb-Object + 也 + Verb-Object
    他是我們的老師是我們的朋友。 : He is our teacher and (he is) our friend.
    學生現在看漢語書用詞典。 : The students are now reading a Chinese book and using a dictionary.
    他們認識我的爸爸認識我的哥哥。 : They know my father and know my older brother.
    他的女朋友學習漢語學習什麼? : His girlfriend studies Chinese and what else?
  • Multiple Uses for 看:

    In previous lessons we learned that 看 be used to get someone's attention, "Look here!". 看 can also mean to read as in 書, 畫報, or 詞典. Additionally, 看 can be used as visit like in 朋友, or 大夫.