CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 15 Study Guide
第十五課:中文系有多少學生
中文系個幾教口敢當互相新閱覽室雜誌本館

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)

Dialogue:
帕蘭卡
我們
中文系。
丁雲
:中文系
多少
學生

古波
我們
學生

丁雲
中國
老師

more...
 
Objectives:
  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 19 characters introduced in lesson 15 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 15. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • Talk comfortably about your university department and your study of Chinese.
  • Respond to a compliment.
  • Be able to use numbers and measure words in Chinese with fluency.
  • Express "there is/are" in Chinese using 有.
  • Use 還 (hái) as an adverb, and know the difference between it and 也.
  • Say the following words, and sentences in Mandarin with fluency:
    1. Chinese written language, Chinese Department, how many, to teach, grammar, Chinese characters, still, spoken language, mutually, new, reading room, magazine, library
    2. There are 98 students in our Chinese Department.
    3. There are three teachers in our Chinese Department
    4. I have another Chinese teacher?
    5. Professor Xie teaches us spoken language.
    6. We study together.
    7. I often read magazines and pictorials in the new reading room.
    8. Where is the library?
    9. You flatter me.
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
中文 Zhōngwén Chinese language 
  department 
  piece 
  how much 
 jiāo to teach 
語法 yŭfă grammar 
漢字 Hànzì Chinese characters 
  character 
 hái also 
口語 kŏuyŭ spoken language 
不敢當 Bù găndāng You flatter me 
互相 hùxiāng mutual 
 xīn new 
閱覽室 yuèlănshì reading room 
雜誌 zázhì magazine 
 bào newspaper 
 běn measure word 
圖書館 túshūguăn library 
那兒 nàr there 
Supplemental Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
 bān class, grade 
教室 jiàoshì classroom 
實驗室 shíyànshì laboratory 
 jiè to borrow 
生詞 shēngcí vocabulary 
Proper Names:
Chinese Pinyin English
 wáng a family name 
More:
Review for the final covering lessons 1-15: Additional language resources:
  • Wikipedia has a detailed article on the Chinese measure word with a detailed list of measure words explaining when each is used. See if you can find the two measure words learned in this lesson (個,本).
  • About.com has a simple explanation in answer to the question What Are Measure Words?
Grammar:
  • Numbers:

    • Numbers in Chinese:
      Chinese enumeration is based on a simple decimal system using the numerals 1-10 to identify all numbers under 100.

      We already know 1-10 is 一, 二, 三, 四, 五, 六, 七, 八, 九, 十. 11-19 is 十 and the one place digit: 十一, 十二, 十三, 十四, 十五, 十六, 十七, 十八, 十九.

      From 20 onwards use the ten place digit, ten and the one place digit:
      二十, 二十一, 二十二, 二十三, 二十四, 二十五, 二十六, 二十七, 二十八, 二十九
      三十, 三十一, 三十二, 三十三, 三十四, 三十五, 三十六, 三十七, 三十八, 三十九
      四十, 四十一, 四十二, 四十三, 四十四, 四十五, 四十六, 四十七, 四十八, 四十九
      五十, 五十一, 五十二, 五十三, 五十四, 五十五, 五十六, 五十七, 五十八, 五十九
      六十, 六十一, 六十二, 六十三, 六十四, 六十五, 六十六, 六十七, 六十八, 六十九
      七十, 七十一, 七十二, 七十三, 七十四, 七十五, 七十六, 七十七, 七十八, 七十九
      八十, 八十一, 八十二, 八十三, 八十四, 八十五, 八十六, 八十七, 八十八, 八十九
      九十, 九十一, 九十二, 九十三, 九十四, 九十五, 九十六, 九十七, 九十八, 九十九
    • More About 一 [yī]:

      yī: When 一 is used in counting, is by itself, or at the end of a phrase it is pronounced with a first tone as we learned previously.

      yì + 1st, 2nd, or 3rd tones: When followed by a first, second, or third tone 一 is pronounced as a fourth tone.

      yí + 4th tone: When followed by a fourth tone 一 is pronounced as a second tone.

  • Measure Words:

    • Measure Words:

      Most noun objects in English do not require measure words, but sometimes the omission of a measure word would sound awkward. For example we say "piece of paper," "two cups of coffee," "three pairs of socks," and the like.

      Counting objects in Chinese always requires the use of an object specific measure word between the number and the object.

      In this lesson we learn our first two measure words 個 [gè], a general measure word for a variety of nouns, and 本 [běn], the measure word for books and other book-like objects.

      [Numeral + Measure Word] + Noun

      孩子
      中文系
      詞典
      雜誌
    • Measure Words in Questions:

      There are two word choices when asking "how much?" Use 幾 [jǐ] when the expected amount is going to be less than 10, and 多少 [duōshǎo] for any quantity. While a measure word is not necessary when using the question word 多少, it is required with 幾.

      幾 + Measure Word + [Object]

      多少 + [Measure Word] + [Object] The measure word is optional with 多少, but not used when the expected response is a large number.

      中文系有幾個老師?
      中文系有多少學生?

      閱覽室有幾本詞典?
      圖書館有多少中文書?
    • More on Measure Words:

      In a noun phrase the Number + Measure Word combination is always before the noun it modifies. Since the measure word carries the general connotation of the noun it precedes the noun can be omitted where the reference is clear.

      Measure Word + [Object]

      我認識九十八漢字,我妹妹認識七十二[漢字]
      老師有六漢語雜誌,我有一[雜誌]
      姐姐有三孩子,哥哥有一[孩子]
  • There is - The Existence 有:

    As learned previously 有 [yǒu] means "to have." In Chinese 有 is not only used to indicate personal possession, but also extends to the possessions of inanimate objects. That is to say the existence of something somewhere.

    In English we say, "There are Chinese books in the library." In Chinese the same sentence would read, "The library has Chinese books." So when you want to say "there is" or "there are" use 有.

    圖書館中文書。
    閱覽室三本漢語詞典。
    我們中文系閱覽室,沒有圖書館。
  • 還 [hái] as an Adverb:

    We covered the character 還 [huán], to return, as a verb in lesson 11. When 還 is used as an adverb the same character is pronounced hái and carries the meaning "still," "additionally," "on top of that." It is similar to 也 but is used to add extra emphasis or surprise.

    [Subject] + 還 + Verb + [Object]

    我們大學的圖書館有中文書,中文雜誌,中文報紙,有中文畫報。
    老師給我們介紹北京[Běijīng]和上海[Shànghǎi],給我們介紹西安[Xī' ān]。
    我這兒有一本法語書。
    你的朋友在宿舍嗎?