CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 13 Study Guide

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  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 17 characters introduced in lesson 13 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 13. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • Be able to ask choice questions using the verb-bu-verb pattern.
  • Be able to confidently introduce your friend to another person.
  • Fell comfortable making small talk in Chinese.
  • Know the meaning of and be able to quote the Chinese proverb "Shú néng shēng qiăo" (熟能生巧).
  • Use the following words, and sentences in Mandarin with fluency:
    1. name, shop, buy, pen, paper, come, introduce, male, correct, and, speak, notebook, post office, stamp, professor
    2. We often speak Chinese.
    3. My little brother and I are going to the bookstore to buy paper.
    4. She is going to the dormitory to visit her boyfriend.
    5. My good friend is coming to America to learn English.
    6. I am going to the foreign language institute to study Mandarin and French.
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
名字 míngzi name 
 wèi an interjection 
 à an interjection  
商店 shāngdiàn shop 
 mǎi to buy 
 zhǐ paper 
 lái come 
介紹 jièshào to introduce 
 nán male 
 duì correct 
 le sentence particle 
 shuō to speak 
Supplemental Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
英國 Yīngguó England 
法國 Făguó France 
本子 bĕnzi notebook 
郵局 yóujú post office 
郵票 yóupiào postal stamp 
教授 jiàoshòu professor 
Proper Names:
Chinese Pinyin English
古波 Gŭbō a name 
中國 Zhōngguó China 
帕蘭卡 Pàlánkă a name 
丁雲 Dīng Yún a name 
Additional language and cultural resources:
  • Interjections:

    • 喂 [wèi]:

      The interjection 喂 [wèi] can be used to get someone's attention, but can be considered a bit rude. More often 喂 [wéi] as a second tone is used as a greeting when answering the telephone.

    • 啊 [à]:

      啊 [à] is an interjection used to express surprise. It is very much like the English interjection with the same pronunciation "Ah".

    • More Interjections:

      The following are a few additional interjections:

      [hā] laugh haha
      [wā] Wow
      [hēi] Hey
      [hāi] Hi
      [yā] Oh!
      [ò] Oh?
  • Conjunctions:

    • 和 [hé]:

      The conjunction 和 [hé] is used to join nouns, pronouns, and nominal expressions. Unlike the English "and" it is never used to connect verbs, adverbs, clauses, or sentences.

      Note that when 和 is used to join nouns in the subject phrase 都 is often used before the predicate.

      Noun + 和 + Noun
    • 也 [yě]:

      The conjunction 也 [yě] is used to join clauses and predicate constructions, but is never used to join nouns alone.

  • Affirmative-Negative Question:

    • Affirmative-Negative or Choice Questions:

      We learn a new way to ask a question in this lesson. As an alternate to using a question word, a common way to ask a question is the choice question. In this type of question the questioner provides a yes or no choice in the form of verb 不 verb.

      Subject + Verb + 不 + Verb
      你們的漢語老師好不好: Is your Mandarin teacher good, or not?
      你的女朋友忙不忙: Is your girlfriend busy, or not?
      來不來: Are you coming, or not?
      他哥哥去不去: Is his older brother going, or not?
    • Using with Transitive Verbs:

      For transitive verbs the object is placed after the affirmative-negative verb. Like in other question forms the structure of the sentence does not change.

      Subject + Verb + 不 + Verb + Object
      學生看不看中國報? : Do the students read Chinese newspapers, or not?
      他們說不說漢語? : Do they speak Chinese, or not?
      買不買紙? : Did she buy paper, or not?
      你們的老師是不是中國人? : Is your teacher Chinese, or not?
    • Replying:

      To reply in the affirmative use the verb. Negative replies use the 不 verb option.

    • More:

      A few issues to be aware of when using the affirmative-negative question.

      • Don't use with adverbs.
      • Grammatically accurate choice questions with multi-syllable verbs will use the complete verb 認識不認識 介紹不介紹.
      • The 不 has a neutral tone 是不是[shì bu shì], 對不對[duì bu duì].
  • Verbal Constructions:

    • Verbal Constructions in Series:

      When two or more verbs or verbal expressions are used in the same sentence the function of the verb construction dictates the order in which it occurs in the sentence. In this chapter we deal with verb expressions indicating place or location, and constructs indicating purpose. In these type of sentences the place expression always comes before the purpose expression. Place or location expressions use verbs such as 在, 來, and 去.

      Subject + Place (Verb-Object) + Purpose (Verb-Object)
    • Negative Statements:

      The negative expression is almost always used in the first verb phrase.

      Subject + 不 + Place (Verb-Object) + Purpose (Verb-Object)
  • Adverb Positioning:

    The adverbs 也 ,都 and 很 always follow the subject and precede the predicate. If used together 也 precedes 都.

    Subject + 也 + 都 + 很 + Verb + (Object)