- Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 17 characters introduced in lesson 13 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
- Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 13. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
- Be able to ask choice questions using the verb-bu-verb pattern.
- Be able to confidently introduce your friend to another person.
- Fell comfortable making small talk in Chinese.
- Know the meaning of and be able to quote the Chinese proverb "Shú néng shēng qiăo" (熟能生巧).
- Use the following words, and sentences in Mandarin with fluency:
- name, shop, buy, pen, paper, come, introduce, male, correct, and, speak, notebook, post office, stamp, professor
- We often speak Chinese.
- My little brother and I are going to the bookstore to buy paper.
- She is going to the dormitory to visit her boyfriend.
- My good friend is coming to America to learn English.
- I am going to the foreign language institute to study Mandarin and French.
|丁雲||Dīng Yún||a name|
- Check out the ChinesePod lesson "Qing Wen - Sorry and Thank You"
- 喂 [wèi]:
The interjection 喂 [wèi] can be used to get someone's attention, but can be considered a bit rude. More often 喂 [wéi] as a second tone is used as a greeting when answering the telephone.
- 啊 [à]:
啊 [à] is an interjection used to express surprise. It is very much like the English interjection with the same pronunciation "Ah".
- More Interjections:
The following are a few additional interjections:哈 [hā] laugh haha
哇 [wā] Wow
嘿 [hēi] Hey
嗨 [hāi] Hi
呀 [yā] Oh!
哦 [ò] Oh?
- 喂 [wèi]:
- 和 [hé]:
The conjunction 和 [hé] is used to join nouns, pronouns, and nominal expressions. Unlike the English "and" it is never used to connect verbs, adverbs, clauses, or sentences.
Note that when 和 is used to join nouns in the subject phrase 都 is often used before the predicate.Noun + 和 + Noun他們買筆和紙。
- 也 [yě]:
The conjunction 也 [yě] is used to join clauses and predicate constructions, but is never used to join nouns alone.我弟弟學習法語也學習漢語。
- Affirmative-Negative or Choice Questions:
We learn a new way to ask a question in this lesson. As an alternate to using a question word, a common way to ask a question is the choice question. In this type of question the questioner provides a yes or no choice in the form of verb 不 verb.Subject + Verb + 不 + Verb你們的漢語老師好不好？ : Is your Mandarin teacher good, or not?
你的女朋友忙不忙？ : Is your girlfriend busy, or not?
你來不來？ : Are you coming, or not?
他哥哥去不去？ : Is his older brother going, or not?
- Using with Transitive Verbs:
For transitive verbs the object is placed after the affirmative-negative verb. Like in other question forms the structure of the sentence does not change.Subject + Verb + 不 + Verb + Object學生看不看中國報？ : Do the students read Chinese newspapers, or not?
他們說不說漢語？ : Do they speak Chinese, or not?
她買不買紙？ : Did she buy paper, or not?
你們的老師是不是中國人？ : Is your teacher Chinese, or not?
To reply in the affirmative use the verb. Negative replies use the 不 verb option.
A few issues to be aware of when using the affirmative-negative question.
- Don't use with adverbs.
- Grammatically accurate choice questions with multi-syllable verbs will use the complete verb 認識不認識 介紹不介紹.
- The 不 has a neutral tone 是不是[shì bu shì], 對不對[duì bu duì].
- Verbal Constructions in Series:
When two or more verbs or verbal expressions are used in the same sentence the function of the verb construction dictates the order in which it occurs in the sentence. In this chapter we deal with verb expressions indicating place or location, and constructs indicating purpose. In these type of sentences the place expression always comes before the purpose expression. Place or location expressions use verbs such as 在, 來, and 去.Subject + Place (Verb-Object) + Purpose (Verb-Object)誰在宿舍看畫報？
- Negative Statements:
The negative expression is almost always used in the first verb phrase.Subject + 不 + Place (Verb-Object) + Purpose (Verb-Object)他女朋友不在外語學院學習。
The adverbs 也 ,都 and 很 always follow the subject and precede the predicate. If used together 也 precedes 都.