CHIN101-05 FALL 2014
study guides
Study Guides Practical Chinese Reader - 實用漢語
PCR Lesson 5 Study Guide

(Click to view stroke sequence animation.)





  • Learn the pinyin and correct stroke order for the 7 characters introduced in lesson 5 using your writing workbook, Cyberchinese-Online, or right here on this page. Click the Chinese characters listed at the top of the page.
  • Learn the new vocabulary introduced in lesson 5. You can practice with the online Table Building Activity.
  • Be able to use Chinese form of the verb 'to be'.
  • Fluently use the following words and sentences in Mandarin:
    1. car, book, her, doctor, your mother, my mother's, your, that, this
    2. This is not my car. This is my mother's car.
    3. This is my book. That is not my book. That is her book.
    4. I am a student. My mother is a doctor.
    5. Is your mother a doctor? Yes, she is a doctor.
    6. Is your friend also a student? He is also a student.
New Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
大夫 dàifu a medical doctor 
 de possessive 
 chē car 
  that those  
 shū book 
Supplemental Vocabulary:
Chinese Pinyin English
 bào newspaper 
 zhǐ paper 
 chĭ ruler 
  • The Demonstrative 那 [nà]: that:
    Used like 'that' in English, but for now we will use it only by itself and not with nouns. We will say things like, "That is my book." and not "That book is mine."
    是我的書。 Nà shì wǒ de shū.
    是他媽媽的車。 Nà shì tā māma de chē.
    是我大夫。 Nà shì wǒ dàifu.
  • Possessive Particle 的:
    Noun (possessor) + 的 + Noun (possessed)

    In previous lessons we learned that when the possessor is a personal pronoun and the possessed a person we can omit the possessive, like in 我朋友. But when we talk about my friend's car, we must use the possessive particle 我朋友車.

    There are no possessive pronouns in Mandarin, just the particle 的, which can be thought of as the English apostrophe-s.

    According to collectors of Chinese character frequency statistics, 的 is by far the most frequent character in daily use.

  • Answering 嗎 Questions::
    An easy way to make a question out of a descriptive, or an identifying sentence is to add 嗎 to the end of the sentence. The simplest answer for this type of sentence is to repeat the verb used in the question, or to reply in the negative 不 and the verb.
    Question: 你哥哥很忙嗎?
    Short Answer Positive: 很忙。
    Short Answer Negative: 不忙。
    Long Answer Positive: 我哥哥忙。
    Long Answer Negative: 我哥哥不忙。
    Full Answer Positive: 很忙,我哥哥忙。
    Full Answer Negative: 不忙,我哥哥不忙。

    Question: 那是你的車嗎?
    Short Answer Positive: 是。
    Short Answer Negative: 不是。
    Long Answer Positive: 那是我的車。
    Long Answer Negative: 那不是我的車。
    Full Answer Positive: 是,那是我的車。
    Full Answer Negative: 不是,那不是我的車。